Eskimos GIFs Cliparts
Eskimo ( ESS-kih-moh) or Eskimos are the indigenous circumpolar peoples who have traditionally inhabited the northern circumpolar region from eastern Siberia (Russia) to Alaska (United States), Northern Canada, Nunavik, Nunatsiavut, and Greenland. The two main peoples known as Eskimo are the Inuit (including the Alaskan Iupiat, the Greenlandic Inuit, and the Inuit peoples of Canada) and the Yupik (or 'Yuit') of eastern Siberia and Alaska. A third group, the Aleut, which inhabit the Aleutian Islands are closely related to both, but are generally excluded from the definition of Eskimo. The three groups share a relatively recent common ancestor, and speak related languages belonging to the EskimoAleut language family. Many Inuit, Yupik, Aleut and other individuals consider the term Eskimo to be unacceptable. The word has no exact synonym, and stems from the Innu-aimun (Montagnais) word ayaskimew: 'netter of snowshoes'. The non-Inuit sub-branch of the Eskimo branch of the Eskimo-Aleut language family consists of four distinct Yupik languages, two used in the Russian Far East and St. Lawrence Island, and two used in western Alaska, southwestern Alaska, and the western part of Southcentral Alaska. The extinct language of the Sirenik people is sometimes argued to be related to these. According to recent genomic research, the Chukchi people of eastern Siberia are the closest living relatives of the Siberian Yupik and other the indigenous peoples of the Americas. There are more than 183, 000 Eskimo people alive today, of which 135, 000 or more live in or near the traditional circumpolar regions. The non-governmental organization (NGO) known as the Inuit Circumpolar Council claims to represent 180, 000 people. The governments in Canada and the United States have made moves to cease using the term Eskimo in official documents, but it has not been entirely eliminated, as the word is in some places written into tribal, and therefore national, legal terminology. Canada officially uses the term Inuit to describe the Native people living in the country's northernmost sector.
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